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Install and Configure Apache Tomcat 8 on CentOS , Red Hat VPS Server

tomcat 8 setup apache tomcat installation of apache tomcat 8 change port of tomcat apache tomcat 8

To run Java applications on the web there is a one web server which provide  web server as well as servlet  container.Apache server Foundation  released open source project Tomcat .

Here we are going install .0.26 on Linux based servers like CentOs and Red Hat Servers.This installation will support on both version of Red Hat and CentOs 7.X and 6.X.

Main feature in this  Tomcat version 8  and release are :

  • JSE 2.3
  • It supports Java Servlet 3.1
  • Java WebSocket 1.0
  • Java Unified Expression Language ( EL ) 3.0

Prerequisites to Tomcat 8 and its releases :

prerequisites is Java 7 or higher version of java .

Here we are using root user to install and configure apache tomcat server on CentOs server.

Install Java and Check Version  :

Java 7 or higher version is required to install tomcat server , Here we have already explain in our other post how to do installation of java on CentOs and Red Hat Server version .

Now I am giving output of my server  java version .

# java -version    java version "1.8.0_51"    Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_51-b16)    Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.51-b03, mixed mode)

Steps for setup Tomcat  :

After set up of Java version, now we can start work on apache tomcat 8 using below command , I am working as a root user in my server vm. You can download apache tomcat version form apache tomcat official page or here you can find official page url of tomcat 8 .

URL : http://tomcat.apache.org/download-80.cgi

Follow below command in setup and configuring.

# cd /tmp    # wget http://mirror.metrocast.net/apache/tomcat/tomcat-8/v8.0.26/bin/apache-tomcat-8.0.26.tar.gz    # tar xzf apache-tomcat-8.0.26.tar.gz    # mv apache-tomcat-8.0.26 /opt

Configuring  CATALINA_HOME  Environment Variable :

Put the below command to set up environment variable .

# echo "export CATALINA_HOME=\"/opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26\"" >> ~/.bashrc    # source ~/.bashrc

Starting Apache Tomcat Server :

It is very simple to start the service of apache tomcat . Tomcat server works on default  8080 . We can change the default port on application . First we are going to start the server on port 8080 , after that we will change the port  from 8080 to another free port.

# cd /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26    # ./bin/startup.sh

Output Status of Apache Tomcat:

# ./bin/startup.sh    Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26    Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26    Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26/temp    Using JRE_HOME:        /usr    Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26/bin/tomcat-juli.jar  Tomcat started.

Apache Tomcat access URL after installation :

After installation of apache tomcat  we can access url or IP of server though port 8080 in web browser like below I have tested apache tomcat installation .

URL: http://www.techtransit.org:8080/

tomcat 8 setup apache tomcat installation of apache tomcat 8 change port of tomcat apache tomcat 8

 

Managing Users & Roles :

If you want to manage users and roles of admin,managers for Apache Tomcat , you should know Catalina base and config files used by tomcat apache.We have install Tomcat in /opt folder and set Catalina path in environment variable /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.26/ , Now here conf/tomcat-users.xml file for  secure and manage the admin and manager roles.

You  need to search “tomcat-users” script tag in file and in between script tag , edit and put the below content  for manager role .

<role rolename="manager-gui"/>  <user username="MANAGER_USERNAME" password="MANAGER_PASSWROD" roles="manager-gui"/>

and for both admin and manager previlages , edit and put the below lines in tomcat-users in between script tag .

<role rolename="admin-gui" />  <user username="ADMIN_USERNAME" password="ADMIN_PASSWORD" roles="manager-gui,admin-gui" />

tomcat 8 setup apache tomcat installation of apache tomcat 8 change port of tomcat apache tomcat 8
After edit and update the username and password as you wish to set , after that you need to restart tomcat apache server through below command.

# ./bin/shutdown.sh  # ./bin/startup.sh

Now open the URL with your domain name or IP like below .

http://www.example.com:8080/manager/html    OR    http://www.example.com:8080/manager

 

Default port change to other :

(1) Locate conf/server.xml in  tomcat installation folder ( /opt/apache-tomcat-8.0.2) .

(2) Search “Connector port” text in server.xml . Change the Connector port=”8080″ port to any other   port number. Here i have change to 8081 .

<Connector port="8081" protocol="HTTP/1.1"  connectionTimeout="20000"  redirectPort="8443" />

(3) save and exit from  the server.xml file and restart Tomcat Apache server .

A Linux Geek with Freelance Contributor, Server/ Cloud Administrator having 6+ Years experience in Open Source and Cloud Technologies.

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