Install WHM / cPanel webhosting on CentOS 7 , RHEL 7 , and CloudLinux
Recently on September,2015 cPanel and WHM 11.50 has been released, After such a long time in this version of cPanel & WHM having support for CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 Version on fresh installations. WHM / cPanel webhosting is the best software to manage website hosting server , email , domain and security management, which can be install in virtual private server (VPS ) as well as on cloud hosting server and dedicated server . This control panel is using most of users, client and companies and it is premier web hosting automated software used by world wide.
cPanel License you can get from here . cPanel License
Here in this article we will discuss about latest cPanel & WHM Version 11.50 feature and prerequisites and installation on fresh CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 Version.
Latest Features of cPanel & WHM webhosting 11.50
- CentOS , CloudLinux , and RHEL 7 support
- Use the XFS or ext4 filesystems.
- Less booting time
- Greylisting feature : which protect server from unwanted emails and untrusted email servers .
Installation Recommended settings
- Disable OS Firewall before installation .
- Recommended Hardware :
- Minimum & Recommended Processor should be 226MHZ
- Minimum RAM should be 1 GB.
- Minimum Disk Space should be 20 GB .
Installation of cPanel in CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 / CloudLinux 7
- Before doing cpanel & WHM installation first ensure your OS Version , RAM and diskspace.
Requirement Check :
Below command for check OS , RAM and diskspace.
Version check Command :
[email protected] [~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.1.1503 (Core)
Disk Space Check :
[email protected][~]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/xvda1 100G 6.8G 94G 7% /
devtmpfs 903M 0 903M 0% /dev
tmpfs 920M 0 920M 0% /dev/shm
tmpfs 920M 17M 904M 2% /run
tmpfs 920M 0 920M 0% /sys/fs/cgroup
Memory Check :
[email protected] [~]# free -m
total used free shared buff/cache available
Mem: 1839 651 163 16 1024 1020
Swap: 0 0 0
Deactivate firewall on CentOS 7 , CloudLinux 7 and RHEL 7 :
iptables-save > ~/iptables.rules systemctl stop firewalld.service systemctl disable firewalld.service
[[email protected]~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service
Failed to issue method call: Unit firewalld.service not loaded.
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl disable firewalld.service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl mask firewalld.service
ln -s ‘/dev/null’ ‘/etc/systemd/system/firewalld.service’
Disable Security Enhanced Features ( SELinux ) :
If your server running SELinux Features of security, then disable this features .
To disable , run the below command.
Edit the configuration file /etc/selinux/config and set the parameter SELINUX to disabled, below is my configuration file , after set the parameter you need to reboot the server.
# vim /etc/selinux/config
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system. # SELINUX= can take one of these three values: # enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced. # permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing. # disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded. SELINUX=permissive # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values: # targeted - Targeted processes are protected, # minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. # mls - Multi Level Security protection. SELINUXTYPE=targeted
Installation set up steps :
cPanel installation need perl package , so we need to install perl before instaalation .
#yum install perl
After installation of perl, set the hostname of server , the hostname should be in FQDN i.e fully qualified domain name. Below is steps to set hostname in Centos / RHEL 7.
Below command to check hostname of server :
To set hostname :
#hostnamectl set-hostname cpanel.techtransit.org
Output will be like below :
[email protected] [~]# hostnamectl
Static hostname: cpanel.techtransit.org
Icon name: computer-vm
Machine ID: f9afeb75a5a382dce8269887a67fbf58
Boot ID: 3878d69a81024ebc83291fb2e337ee0a
Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
CPE OS Name: cpe:/o:centos:centos:7
Kernel: Linux 3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64
Architecture: x86_64 [/box]
Now we will download cpanel script on home directory of server , which will install cpanel & WHM .Follow below steps for installation.
# cd /home # curl -o latest -L https://securedownloads.cpanel.net/latest # sh latest
2015-09-18 12:30:53 196 ( INFO): cPanel install finished in 54 minutes and 41 seconds! 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): Congratulations! Your installation of cPanel & WHM 11.50 is now complete. The next step is to configure your server. 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): Before you configure your server, ensure that your firewall allows access on port 2087. 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): On RHEL, CentOS, and CloudLinux systems, execute /scripts/configure_firewall_for_cpanel to accomplish this. 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): After ensuring that your firewall allows access on port 2087, you can configure your server. 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 1. Open your preferred browser 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2. Type https://172.31.0.159:2087 in the address bar 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 3. Enter the word root in the Username text box 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 4. Enter your root password in the Password text box 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 5. Click the Login button 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): Visit http://go.cpanel.net/whminit for more information about first-time configuration of your server. 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): Visit http://support.cpanel.net or http://go.cpanel.net/whmfaq for additional support 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): 2015-09-18 12:30:53 738 ( INFO): Thank you for installing cPanel & WHM 11.50!
Now script will run some hours and after installation you will get some output like , time taken in installation as well as server access url and access details, you will use in login root as a user and use password of root user.
You will get WHM access like below url.
https://your –server-public-ip:2087/ OR https://server-hostname:2087/
After access of url in browser and put the username password details in access url and accept license agreement, you can configure server networking, ip address and nameserver as according to you , you should have good nice knowledge of System Admin part.
Hope you enjoy this post , for any concern please comment here and give us feedback. Thanks